This little girl is the only one of my ancestors, back to 1800, not born in south Ulster.

It brings to mind another little girl, her great-grandmother, who was born in India about 1794 and married 11 years later.

Picture of Elsie Henry
Family Genealogy By Peter Morell McWilliam

Kennedy of Tullylish

Kennedy Genealogy

Lenaderg Townland

Apart from the records of the Marriages of Lizzie Kennedy to William Clugston in 1868 & Maggie Kennedy to Samuel Clugston in 1774 & also the baptismal records of the children of William & Rachael Kennedy in Tullylish Presbyterian Church I have no direct evidence about the Kennedys.
Griffiths Valuation shows that William & Robert Kennedy held contiguous plots of land (8A, 8B & 9) totalling 35 acres in Lenaderg townland while another William Kennedy held 1 acre 15 from Wm & John Smyth in the same townland. This latter holding was one of a series which presumably had been built to accomodate the workers at Smyth's bleach green.
Earlier records in Tullylish Presbyterian Church & Freeholder Voters Records suggest, with some uncertainty, that the William who was father of Lizzie and Maggie was more likely to have been the tenant of the Smiths. However in the marriage certificates of the two girls he is described as a farmer which doesn't match with the smaller holding.



Tullylish Presbyterian Church

Clugston genealogy

Starting from the same two marriage certificates and the records of Tullylish Presbyterian Church it is possible to create a more coherent story about the Clugstons.
The father of William & Samuel Clugston who married Lizzie and Maggie Kennedy was John Clugston. The church records give a list of the children of John & Margaret Clugston of Lisnafiffy and both are buried in the church graveyard with some of their descendants.

Both of the gravestones shown near the front of the church are of Clugstons. John Clugston, his wife, Margaret and some descendants are under the larger stone, suggesting some modest degree of affluence.

(see Church Records / Tullylish /Graveyard inscriptions)



Clugston Farms

Clugston Farms in Lisnafiffy
Map of Lisnafiffy townland from Griffith




Interpreting the Griffith Valuation and Tithe Applotment records requires a little care since the townland of Lisnafiffy is split between the parishes of Tullylish and Seapatrick. Griffiths Valuation shows that John Clugston held two blocks of land totalling 27 acres in Lisnafiffy/Tullylish while Henry Clugston had a contiguous holding of 34 acres in Lisnafify/Seapatrick. I can't tell how many genes they shared but the the accompanying photo shows that they did share a drumlin. I tend to forget that the drumlins that are such a ubiquitous feature of the Monaghan landscape stretch from Clew bay in Mayo right across to south Down. Two paths lead up to farmhouses concealed by trees on the top of the hill.

A Robert Clugston held 8 acres in the neighbouring townland of Drumhorc.


There are no Clugston's in Lisnafiffy/Tullylish in the Tithe Applotment Books but John & Aron Clugston are both named in Lisnafiffy/Seapatrick.
The Freeholder Voters Records give further information. Both John and Aron are listed in 1819 for Lisnafiffy and the additional information is given that they have leased their respective holding for the same three lives viz. John, Aron & Archibald Clugston. An Aron Clugston is recorded as a voter in 1789; John in 1769 while John Clugston is recorded as a Protestant householder in Seapatrick in 1766.
Thoughout all this time the Landlords were the Waring family. They seem to have acquired it in the 1660s. Frustratingly I found a deed dated 1732. The memorial of the deed states that the tenants are named in the original deed, now presumably lost.
There were also Clugstons in the neighbouring townland of Kilpike. Whether all of these people represent the spread from a single individual or family or from multiple events is a matter of speculation.

Linen Industry in Tullylish

From the Ordnance Survey Memoirs of Seapatrick & Tullylish Parishes, 1834 by Lieutenant GA Bennett

Seapatrick Parish:
The total number of different mills that are in this parish are bleaching mills, 10, corn mills, 3, flax mills 2, flour mills 1 and 1 for thrashing corn.

Tullylish Parish:
Bleach Greens, Manufactories and Mills
The first bleach mill, on the river entering the parish from Seapatrick, belongs to Messrs J Smith and Co. It has several wheels. On the same premises is a corn mill. The next is a bleach mill belonging to J Foot Esquire, has 2 wheels; fall of water to both these concerns about 7 feet.
A little further down is the bleach mill of S Law Esquire, if not exceeding, at least equalling any other in the parish. It has two large wheels, one of which turns machinery for spinning linen yarn, the water fall about 8 feet. The next is a corn mill situated at Laurencetown bridge, the fall of water is 8 feet. It is the property of Mr D Lockhart.

Other mills are mentioned further down the river.

Extracts from M Cohen - Linen, Family and Community in Tullylish, Co Down, 1690-1914.
pg 177-8
The largest green in Tullylish located at Milltown, was owned by the Smyths. About 1824, John Smyth (1798-1890) purchased the land for Milltown Bleachworks and built Milltown house for himself and his family. His eldest son William (1826-1894) started the firm William Smyth & Company, linen manufacturers, and he and his brother John's (1830-1914) business eventually occupied 220 acres and employed 260 people. They had six iron water wheels, a foundry to serve the neighbourhood and also owned Banville Beetling Mills. The Milltown bleachworks was valued at 300 pounds, with the Smyths owning seventy-two houses in Drumnascamph and Lenaderg.
pg 181.
At some point between 1875-9, after Samuel Law's death, Thomas Dickson and William Walker, a linen merchant from Banbridge, purchased the premises and most of the workers' houses, establishing the Hazelbank Weaving Company (in Coose, near Lawrencetown). At the time of the 1879 valuation, the building was valued at 230 pounds and there were still thirty-six company owned houses. Dickson and Walker increased the number of powerlooms from seventy-five to 200 and built two preparing sheds. By 1886, Hazelbank Weaving Company employed 200 people, mostly young women, weaving drills, rough browns, buchrams and glass cloths.




Both Lisnafiffy and Lenaderg border the river Bann which throughout this time was noted for the manufacture of linen. The Clugston holdings are some way distant from direct bleach green activity whereas the putative Kennedy holdings are just beside or within the bleach green of the Smyth family. Certainly it is no surprise that the two Clugston brothers, William & Samuel, ended up in the industry. William became manager of Belfast establishment of Alex Tillie and Co of Londonderry. Samuel's route seems to have been more direct. The Liberal MP and entrepreneur, TA Dickson, who already had an establishment in Dungannon, set up the Hazlebank Weaving Co in Tullylish with William Walker (for his younger son, Tom) in the 1870s. This was confirmed by TA Dickson's great grandson, Tom; his elder son, James, ran the factory in Dungannon. I have to presume that it was through this connection that Samuel Clugston joined Dickson's Dungannon establishment prior to his marriage in 1874.

Almost all of the descendants of both Samuel and William (at least in the next generation) remained involved in the industry.



Hazelbank Factory














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